What Are Cannabinoids?
It’s no longer news that cannabis is one of the great plants that offers countless potential health benefits. But has there been any time you became overly concerned about the potentials of medical cannabis? Have you ever thought of the possible varieties of cannabis in terms of effects and uses?
Why does cannabis have many diverse applications and uses?
The diversity of cannabis simply lies in its ability to produce a wide range of different chemical compounds. Generally, there are about 500 different chemical compounds present in cannabis. Out of these 500, only about 144 of them are discovered to be cannabinoids. This is because they possess unique properties that can be associated with the medical marijuana plant alone.
Of course, you might have listened to the buzz around cannabinoids like CBD and THC. Apart from that, you might have heard about the psychotropic and medicinal effects of CBD and the therapeutic but intoxicating effects of THC. However, there are several other cannabinoids present in the hemp plant that are yet to be discovered.
In order to have a clear understanding of the effects of cannabinoids, there is a need to know the basics of these active chemical compounds and how they interact with the body. Not sure where to start? In this guide, we’ll take you through the popular cannabinoids in the marijuana plant and their potential effects on the body. Sit back and relax while we get started:
How Do Cannabinoids Works?
Terpenes, flavonoids, and cannabinoids form the foundational basis of the cannabis plant. These organic compounds have shown promising health benefits on several health issues, including pain, insomnia, inflammation, and other severe health conditions such as cancer and Alzheimer’s disease.
The mechanism of action of cannabinoids in humans is functional in humans as they mimic the endocannabinoids present in the body. While some can be found in the nervous system, others are spread across various tissues throughout the body. Apart from the endocannabinoids, there are also endocannabinoid receptors situated in the brain and other tissues in the body. The bonding between the body’s endocannabinoids and the plant’s cannabinoids triggers a physical response.
Types of Cannabinoids
We’ve mentioned THC and CBD as the most popular cannabinoids existing in the cannabis plant. However, there are several others, which include Cannabinol (CBN), Cannabichromene (CBC), and Cannabigerol (CBG). Let’s take a look at a few of these popular cannabinoids and their effects;
Tetrahydrocannabinolic Acid (THCA)
Prior to decarboxylation or subjected to heat, THC is actually a different compound known as THCA. THCA is a non-intoxicating compound unlike THC, and it is the most abundant cannabinoid present in cannabis. THC has an anti-inflammatory property, which makes it excellent for treating epilepsy and arthritis. Apart from that, THC has anti-proliferative properties, which makes it a perfect suppressor for malignant cells in cancer tumors. Other health benefits of THCA include the management and treatment of health conditions such as Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease.
Currently, THCA is rapidly getting more exposure in the legal cannabis industry in the form of tinctures and capsules. This is expected to allow consumers to gain the much-needed benefits in the absence of the THC buzz.
Undoubtedly, THC remains the most popular cannabinoid present in the cannabis plant. This is probably a result of the increased levels present in the plant and the psychoactive feeling it produces. ?9-THC has potential health benefits, including pain management, treatment of sleep disorders, nausea, appetite, and anxiety.
Apart from that, ?9-THC is also neuroprotectant as it helps to offer maximum protection for neural pathways in the nervous system. Ultimately, assisting in the management and treatment of neurodegenerative disorders. And, of course, THC produces a psychoactive euphoria. So, it’ll create that high sensation in you.
Delta-8-THC is less than the Delta-9-THC counterpart. This is mostly because they are present in small quantities in the plant. While they share similarities with Delta-9-THC, they also have some differences in terms of their effects. For instance, Delta-8 has incredible anti-nausea properties and as well as lesser psychoactive euphoria. The most popular form of using it is in edibles, like gummies, infused smokable flowers and vape cartridges.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is creating a buzz in every length and breadth of the nation. Due to its wide range of health benefits, excluding the high sensation. For consumers of all ages, including adults, children, and pets, CBD is recommended as a perfect choice.
CBD is functional in its ability to offer anti-inflammatory and muscle relaxation properties, making it an excellent choice for managing health disorders like sleep disorders and anxiety. Similarly, it has also proven its efficacy in cancer treatment, fighting tumors, and aiding anti-nausea. Apart from being anti-inflammatory properties, CBD also possesses anti-proliferative and anti-convulsing properties, which treat seizure disorders.
If you wanted to use only CBD, you can find it in the form of an isolate (99.9% pure CBD) in tinctures. It is also available in a high percentages in Full Spectrum Tinctures, which contain other cannabinoids and terpenes
There you have it! Perhaps the top popular cannabinoids present in the cannabis plant. However, other cannabinoids include CBGa (Cannabigerolic Acid), CBG (Cannabigerol), CBCA (Cannabichromenic Acid), CBN (Cannabinol), THCV (Tetrahydrocannabivarin), and many more.
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